In Ayurveda, hair fall has been addressed by various names like Khalitya or Indralupta. This disease is classified under Shiro-roga. This disease is caused by the biological fire, pitta. In common language, it is known as baldness. In medical science, it is addressed by term known as alopecia. Hair loss is common both in males and females as they tend to lose hair-thickness with passage of age. Inherited (also known as pattern baldness) strikes men more as compared to women. About 25% of men develop baldness around the age of 30, and about 2/3 develop by the age of 60.
Types of alopecia as per modern science:
- Hereditary thinning or baldness: This is also known as androgenetic alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss. It strikes men and women. When men develop androgenetic alopecia, they develop a receding hairline. Sometimes it is seen in patches, particularly on the top of the head. In comparison, women keep their hairline. The thinning of the hairs is a noticeable feature.
- Alopecia areata: It is believed to be an auto-immune disease. In this case, the body attacks its own hair. This results in smooth, round patches of hair loss on the scalp and other areas of the body
- Cicatricial (scarring) alopecia: Cicatricial alopecia is a rare disease. Cicatricial alopecia destroys the hair-follicles. Scarred tissue formation occurs where the follicles once were present; as a result there is no hair re-growth.
Alopecia as per Ayurveda : Khalitya is considered to a Pitta predominant tridoshaja vyadhi (all 3 humours are vitiated in this disease)Causes of hairlossThe exact cause of hair loss may not be fully understood, but it’s usually related to one or more of the following factors:
- Family history (heredity)
- Hormonal changes
- Medical conditions
1.Family history (heredity)The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldnessHeredity also affects the age at which you begin to lose hair, the rate of hair loss, and the extent of baldness. Pattern baldness is most common in men and can begin as early as puberty. This type of hair loss may involve both hairs thinning and miniaturization (hair becomes soft, fine, and short).
2.Hormonal changes and medical conditions: A variety of conditions can cause hair loss, including:• Hormonal changes. Hormonal changes and imbalances can cause temporary hair loss. This could be due to pregnancy, childbirth or the onset of menopause. Hormone levels are also affected by the thyroid gland, so thyroid problems may cause hair loss.• Patchy hair loss. This type of nonscarring hair loss is called alopecia areata It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks hair follicles — causing sudden hair loss that leaves smooth, roundish bald patches on the skin.• Scalp infections. Infections, such as ringworm, can invade the hair and skin of your scalp, leading to scaly patches and hair loss. Once infections are treated, hair generally grows back.• Other skin disorders. Diseases that cause scarring alopecia may result in a permanent loss in the scarred areas. These conditions include lichen planus, some types of lupus, and sarcoidosis.• Hair-pulling disorder. This condition, also called trichotillomania, causes people to have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, whether it’s from the scalp, the eyebrows, or other areas of the body.
3.Medications: Hair loss can be caused by drugs used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, high blood pressure and birth control. Intake of too much vitamin A may cause hair loss as well.
Other causes of hair loss : Hair loss can also result from:• Radiation therapy to the head. The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.• A trigger event. Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary. Examples of trigger events include sudden or excessive weight loss, a high fever, surgery, or a death in the family.• Certain hairstyles and treatments. Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause traction alopecia. Very hot oil hair treatments and permanents can cause inflammation of hair follicles that leads to hair loss. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.
Drugs that Can Cause Hairloss• Anabolic steroids, for example, decadurabolin.• Birth control pills.• Blood thinners like clopidogrel.• High-doses of retinols or vitamin A.• Antiarthritic, antidepressants, uricosuric agents and antihypertensive.
AMASINGLY EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS:
1.Aloe Vera juice: Ayurveda for hair loss explain that Aloe Vera is an excellent herb, for use prepare Aloe Vera juice (1/3 cup) and mix a bit of cumin with it.Use the mixture 2-3 times a day for 3 months to stop thinning of hair.
2.King of herbs Bhringaraaja (Eclipta prostrata): It is the best Ayurvedic herb to control hair loss. Eclipta Prostrata :Bhringaraaja is known as a king of the herb for hair because it has a power of reversing the baldness and it prevents graying of hair.You can use this herb internally ,as well as externally.External application –Apply paste of leaves over the scalp, leave it for few minutes and washes it off with clean water
3.Amla powder: Indian gooseberry or Amla is rich in multiple minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants.Use Amla like a hair tonic, it will make your hair stronger, healthier, prevents from graying and a it is good conditioner. We provide special hair treatment with a pack of Indian gooseberry powder, henna, Brahmi powder and our special hair tonic medicines along with curd. Apply it on the hair; leave it for 1 hour, and then wash it.After 7 sessions of treatment hair fall will reducedThe juice of Amla and lemon may be used on the scalp followed by washed the same after 20 minutes.
4.Brahmi’s tonics: This ayurvedic herb is also used as brain tonics, memory, intelligence, concentration, and alertness. Brahmi flower: It promotes healthy skin, massaging your scalp with Brahmi oil to clean the hair follicles, which further smooth the blood circulation in the head region.
5.Neem (Margosa): Applying Neem oil at night and wash the same in the morning with fresh water, helps to prevent hair fall.These practices make your hair silky, lustrous, black and shining.
6.Strong Ashwagandha: also knows as the Indian Winter Cherry, is an amazing herb for hair rejuvenationAshwagandha is the indian ginseng.Works for menopausal ease, sexual problems, memory booster, mood elevator and revitalization. Ashwagandha is a good immune booster and it relieves stress, thereby it enhances hair growth
7.Methi or Fenugreek seeds: You can use this herb as a shampoo. This is one of the effective home remedies to solve the problem of hair fall.
8.Powerful Ritha: Different names describe this plant: soap nuts, Boondi Kottai, Kumkudukaya.This plant has wonder benefits for hair, skin, dandruff and facial complexion.It is a wonderful hair promoter, cleans and prevents hair fall by strengthening the hair follicles.You can use it for shining the hair, taking out the nuts from its cover, crush it and dipped into ½ l of water.Leave it for overnight, strain it and wash your hair with this liquid, continue it for a month.In short time you will experience the amazing difference in your hair.
9.Eatable Sesame Seeds: Sesame seeds are a great source of magnesium and calcium.Sesame Seeds:Calcium and magnesium are goods for hair .For preventing hairfall, it is a wise step to take sesame seeds in the breakfast every day
10.Banyan tree: Grind the small part of banyan tree root and mix lemon juice in it. Now, apply the mixture over your scalp ,it will help you to prevent hair fall.
Ayurvedic treatments for hair loss : So hair loss can be controlled through a comprehensive. Ayurvedic treatment that combines yoga, meditation, medicated oil, herbs, aromatherapy, breathing and a balanced diet
- Nasya: Nasya is the application of Ayurvedic medication through the nostrils. It is regarded to have the most immediate effects on scalp and hair conditions. Naya involves pouring Ayurvedic medicated oil through one nostril and letting it flow out of the other. In its travel through the nostrils, the oil reaches the membrane at the entrance of the brain and alerts the nerves that connect the brain to the scalp.
- Shirodhara: Shirodhara involves pouring a gentle yet continuous stream of warm, medicated Ayurvedic oil on the forehead. A typical shirodhara session lasts for half an hour. In some cases, the oil may also be replaced with herbal liquids. This rejuvenates dry hair follicles. Regular Shirodhara increases the circulation of blood and helps to remove the doshas in the body and maintain body balance. In this way it effectively helps to treat hair loss and also promote hair growth. It also makes your hair soft and luxurious.
- Hot oil massage: Ayurvedic oil massages on the scalp can help arrest hair fall and aid in the regrowth of hair. Bhringaraj, teak wood extract and jatamansi are common Ayurvedic herbs used to treat problems of hair growth and scalp disorders. Bhringaraj and teak wood extract promote hair growth and control hair fall while jatamansi helps reduce stress. Ayurveda believes that stress is one of the major causes for hair fall.
- Diet: As with any other form of Ayurvedic treatment, a proper diet is essential when it comes to Panchakarma. Food that is bitter or sweet can be beneficial to treating hair loss. According to Ayurveda, hair is a bi-product of bone tissue formation. Since iron is essential for healthy bones, it is thus, also essential for healthy hair. Along with this, tonics and food that strengthen the liver and purify blood can also help treat scalp and hair conditions. So hair loss can be controlled through a comprehensive Ayurvedic treatment that combines yoga, meditation, medicated oil, herbs, aromatherapy, breathing and a balanced diet