Polycystic Ovarian Syndromeis one of the most common conditions affecting women, of their reproductive age, which leads to primary or secondary infertility. This is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are usually present in women in small amounts. The name polycystic ovary syndrome describes the numerous small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that form in the ovaries. However, some women with this disorder do not have cysts, while some women without the disorder do develop cysts.
The exact cause of PCOS is not clear. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body can't use insulin well. Insulin levels build up in the body and may cause higher androgen levels. Obesity can also increase insulin levels and make PCOS symptoms worse. PCOS may also run in families. It's common for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS. An unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle will also add to the cause.
Common symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular, missed, or scanty menstrual periods
- Acne on face and back
- Pigmentation of skin on the neck
- Excessive hair growth on the face
- Thinning of scalp hair
- Weight gain especially around the belly
Secondary health issues Developing Due to PCOS
- Infertility and Miscarriage
- High blood pressure
- High level of blood cholesterol
- Insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes
- Thyroid disorders
Management through Ayurveda
PCOS needs early diagnosis and long-term management for avoiding long-term complications. Ayurvedic treatments include Virechana, vastly, udwarthana, abhyanga, etc, and ayurvedic medications according to the condition along with diet and lifestyle modifications.
Diet &lifestyle recommendations includes-
Avoid sugary foods, and artificial sweeteners, reduce salt intake, limit the intake of saturated fats, etc. Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables, choose whole grains, sesame seeds, sprouted green gram, etc. Always stay hydrated. Do moderate exercises. Practice yogasana and pranayama. Avoid day sleep